National Species Action Plan[top]
SAP does not differentiate between Pipistrellus pipistrellus
and Pipistrellus pygmaeus, nor does it include consideration of
National SAP's objectives and targets are to:
· Maintain existing populations and range of pipistrelles.
· Restore populations to pre-1970 numbers.
The National SAP's proposed actions are:
Policy and legislation
· Encourage water quality levels which will help support
populations of aquatic insects on which pipistrelles feed. (ACTION:
· Ensure the needs of this species are considered in incentive
schemes designed to encourage the management of habitat suitable
for this species. (ACTION: FA, DEFRA, SOAEFD, WOAD)
safeguard and management
· Encourage favourable management of land adjacent to known
roost sites to support foraging by juvenile pipistrelles. (ACTION:
CCW, DoE(NI), EN, FA, SNH)
management and protection
· Maintain current licensing procedures and training schemes
as appropriate. Assess the effect of current management and protection
policies and amend as necessary to ensure maintenance of healthy
populations. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN (EN), SNH)
· Ensure landowners are aware of the presence and legal status
of pipistrelle bats, and that advice is available on appropriate
methods of management for conservation of their roosts and foraging
habitats. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN, FA, SNH)
research and monitoring
· Undertake research to clarify the taxonomic status of pipistrelle
bats in the UK. (ACTION: JNCC)
· Continue to research the habitat requirements and ecology
of the species to help develop appropriate management advice. (ACTION:
CCW, DoE(NI), EN, SNH, JNCC)
· Develop and implement a systematic survey technique to
clarify the conservation status of the species in the UK. This should
include monitoring of summer maternity roosts and the extent and
effect of reproductive isolation of summer colonies used for monitoring.
(ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN, SNH, JNCC)
· Encourage research on the ecology and conservation of pipistrelles
on an international level. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN, JNCC, SNH)
· Pass information gathered during survey and monitoring
of this species to JNCC in order that it can be incorporated in
a national database and contribute to the maintenance of an up-to-date
Red List. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN, SNH)
· Maintain programmes of carefully supervised roost visiting,
general education and publicity. (ACTION: CCW, DoE(NI), EN, SNH)
(List of abbreviations in appendix)
4. Current Action[top]
· The JNCC recently
commissioned a National Bat Habitat Survey, which provided much
information on habitat preference and distribution.
· In December 1995, the Department of the Environment, Transport
and Regions (DETR) commissioned a five-year programme of research
(1996-2000), the National Bat Monitoring Programme (NBMP), with
the overall goal of developing an effective monitoring strategy
for resident species of bat in the UK. The full report of the first
five years of the NBMP is now available from the Bat Conservation
Trust website - http://www.bats.org.uk/nbmp/.
· The National Bat Colony Survey has monitored many pipistrelle
roosts since 1978 on the basis of annual summer roost counts.
· A large amount of research is underway, investigating reproductive
physiology, mating strategies, field activity, and the morphology
and ecology of two taxa by investigation of echolocation calls and
· Scottish Natural Heritage has developed design briefs for
the conservation of pipistrelle roosts in houses.
· Collation of local bat records by the Sussex Bat Group.
· Other licensed bat worker activity on behalf of English
· Bat walks, talks and other awareness activity by members
of the Sussex Bat Group.
· Bat protection law enforcement and talks to raise public
awareness by the Sussex Police Wildlife Liaison Officers 0845 6070999
Maintain and enhance existing populations and ranges of pipistrelles
ii. Ensure pipistrelle populations are restored to pre-1970 numbers
iii. Work with developers and other stakeholders to ensure large-scale
building development does not cause significant local reductions
in the populations of pipistrelles in Sussex.
iv. Work with the farming community to reduce the impact of modern
farming activities on pipistrelle bats.