Species Action Plan for Sussex
|The Black Poplar Action Plan is available as a .PDF file|
6. Targets and Costs[top]
1. To increase
the number and range of ages of black poplar trees in Sussex
The demographic profile and number of black poplars extant in Sussex in the early 1990s suggests that this species was declining to extinction in the county. Active conservation measures during the last six years have begun to reverse this decline and recently new plantings have taken place in most Sussex river catchments. The age structure of the Sussex population is however very unbalanced, with two distinct cohorts, those over 150 years old and those 5 years old or younger. To ensure a more even distribution of age structure, and to avoid reaching low populations again in another 150 years, it is essential that planting of black poplar continues into the foreseeable future.
is likely to be the only secure method of assuring the survival of black
poplar in Sussex, larger plantings of mixed stands of male and female
trees should also be encouraged. In addition, initiatives which propose
the re-instatement of wet-woodland or the planting of trees along waterways
should in general be encouraged as these will provide opportunities for
natural asexual black poplar reproduction. In the meantime to maintain
the black poplar in Sussex, stands of existing and isolated individual
trees should be supported by the planting of local provenance rooted cuttings
whenever appropriate and possible.
8. Action Plan [top]
See Action Plan Table (on menu above)
This Plan is a working document. It is proposed that the Sussex Black Poplar SAP Working Group continue to meet on a six monthly basis to assess and monitor the implementation of this Plan. Concurrent with this meeting, the Plan will be reviewed by the Lead Agency (SWT) in conjunction with the Sussex Biodiversity Partnership and updated and amended as necessary.
It is proposed that in the first instance veteran and newly planted black poplars are checked in 2002 to ascertain health and current condition. Provision will be made for subsequent monitoring, to follow at longer cycles.
potential funding opportunities for black poplar conservation work from
a variety of sources including English Nature, Environment Agency as well
as Countryside Stewardship and other agri-environmental schemes.
Abraham, F. and Penfold, F. 2001. The Sussex Register of Black Poplar. Sussex Wildlife Trust, Woods Mill, Henfield, West Sussex BN26 6TF.
Clennett, C. 1998. Planting and after care of the native black poplar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Wakehurst Place, West Sussex.
Durham Wildlife Trust. 2000. Black Poplar Species Action Plan. Durham Wildlife Trust, Rainton Meadows, Chilton Moor, Houghton-le-Spring, Tyne & Wear DH4 6PU.
Essex Wildlife Trust. 1999. Native Black Poplar (Populus nigra subspecies betulifolia). Essex Wildlife Trust, Fingringhoe Wick Nature Reserve, Fingringhoe, Colchester, Essex CO5 7DN.
Green, T. 2001. Comment: should ancient trees be designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest? British Wildlife. 12(3): 164-166.
Le Ray, M. 1999. Environment Agency Species Management Guidelines. Black poplar - Populus nigra ssp. betulifolia. Environment Agency, Midlands Region
London Biodiversity Partnership. 1999. Populus nigra ssp. betulifolia (Black Poplar). Species Action Plan. Consultation Draft. London Wildlife Trust, Harling House, 47-51 Great Suffolk Street, London SE1 0BS.
Mabey, R. 1996. The Native Black Poplar: A Species In The Ghetto. British Wildlife. 8(1): 1-6.
Milne-Redhead, E. 1990. The B.S.B.I. Black Poplar Survey, 1973-88. Watsonia 18: 1-5.
Noakes, M. 1999. The Black Poplar (Populus nigra var. betulifolia). Management Guidelines for Existing Trees. Aylesbury Countryside Management Project, Aylesbury.............
Penfold, F. 1996. Native Black Poplar Populus nigra betulifolia in Sussex. Sussex Botanical Recording Society Newsletter. April, 1996.
Spencer, J. 1994. The Native Black Poplar in Britain. An Action Plan for its Conservation. English Nature, Newbury, Berkshire.
Stace, C.A. 1991. New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Tabbush, P. 1996. Native poplars and the restoration of floodplain forests. Quarterly Journal of Forestry. ?? 128-134.
Tavender, R. 1999. Pollarding Black Poplars. Botanical Society of the British Isles News. September 1999, No. 82, page 51.
White, J. 1993. Black poplar: the most endangered native timber tree in Britain. The Forestry Authority. Research Information Note 239.
Wildlife Trust. 1999. Species Action Plan. Black Poplar (Populus nigra
ssp. betulifolia). Worcestershire Wildlife Trust, Lower Smite Farm, Hindlip,
Worcester WR3 8SZ.
of organisations and individuals were asked for comments on the first
draft of this SAP, including:
Black Poplar Working Group list of representatives:
Agency (Sussex Area)
and Rivers Partnership Officer
12.3 Grant information can be obtained from the above contacts and also from:
Wildlife Advisory Group
of abbreviations used: